After the U.S. Supreme Court overturned Roe v. Wade, which stripped away the constitutional protection of abortion rights, some abortion-ban states and pro-life politicians have turned their attention to birth control—and how they can limit or restrict women’s access to it.
While some conversations began even before the court’s decision, experts say it’s possible that 2023 brings an even stronger attack on birth control. “That risk is real, whether or not it’s tomorrow,” says Callie Wells, policy counsel at Planned Parenthood Federation of America.
The Guttmacher Institute, a research organization that tracks legislation and policies on sexual and reproductive health, predicts politicians in abortion-ban states will attempt to restrict access to contraception by cutting state funds or banning certain birth control options, such as IUDs. (Some legislators have wrongly said that IUDs cause abortions. They absolutely do not.)
“Perhaps to the greater public that might sound backwards,” says Elizabeth Nash, the institute’s principal policy associate for state issues. But while it’s rational to think that states banning abortions would—or should—expand contraceptive access, “that isn’t what we’re anticipating.”
That’s not to say every state is coming for your rights: In fact, in some states, politicians are trying to protect access to birth control by introducing bills that, for example, allow pharmacists to prescribe certain contraceptive methods, or require health insurers to cover up to a 12-month supply of birth control with just one pharmacy visit (so anyone who has to find childcare or miss work in order to pick up a prescription isn’t inconvenienced on a monthly basis).
Wells believes that contraceptive access isn’t in imminent danger. “But that doesn’t mean that there aren’t state legislators who are hostile to those rights and trying to do things to chip away at access,” she says. Because of that, she says, women should “be aware of what’s going on.”
With that in mind, here’s a state-by-state breakdown of birth control access as it stands today—and how it could change in the future.
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Find Birth Control Near You
Bedsider’s Clinic Finder will help you find the IRL health centers closest to your ZIP code. Plus, it lets you filter the results to show those with IUDs (intrauterine devices) and the implant available, if long-acting birth control is a priority. The site also has a list of websites and apps that can prescribe and deliver birth control, including some that accept Medicaid in select states. (The websites for Planned Parenthood and the U.S. Office of Population Affairs also have searchable databases that will help you find nearby family planning clinics, but neither allows you to filter by method of birth control.)
Alabama Birth Control Laws
All forms of birth control are legal and available across the state of Alabama. (However, more than 300,000 women in Alabama lack access to a nearby health center that offers contraceptives.)
You can get birth control in the state of Alabama at health centers, family planning clinics, online, or through your healthcare provider.